5. Pinguicula: Pinguiculas, commonly called as butterworts, are carnivorous plants similar to drosera in that they produce dewy, sticky leaves to capture prey. These plants are known most for their bright, colorful blooms. Though the flowers usually last for a short period of time, they are often electric, beautiful shades of purple while they exist.
Like other carnivorous plants, pinguiculas live through two seasons. In their carnivorous season, the plants’ leaves grow sticky and dewy to catch prey. When the plants enter their winter season they grow quite dormant, similar to a succulent, and do not produce the sticky enzymes.
4. Sarracenia: Like nepenthes, sarracenia are pitcher plants, though they are primarily found in parts of the United States and Canada. Unlike many other carnivorous plants, sarracenia look similar to normal flower species. For this reason, North American pitchers often fool their prey.
Near the end of summer, the sarracenia’s leaves turn a deep reddish-purple hue to attract flies. Once a fly enters the tall, hollow leaf, it quickly encounters a pool of water and is trapped.
3. Nepenthes: Nepenthes, also known as tropical pitchers, are carnivorous plants native to tropical habitats in Australia, Asia and Sri Lanka. These plants contain pitchers that start as small buds and contain self-produced liquid. Lured by the nectar’s scent, when insects (or even small animals like mice) they find themselves trapped.
Nepenthes secrete powerful digestive juices that can break down their prey, allowing the plants to gain the nutrients they need for survival.
2. Flytraps: Venus flytrap (dionae muscipula) is known for its hinged, leafy “jaw” that snaps together to trap and consume unsuspecting insects. When an insect, beetle or frog touches two or more of the plant’s “hairs”, the flytrap quickly hinges shut, trapping and then slowly digesting the organism.
To prevent the flytrap from wasting energy on trapping inanimate objects (like raindrops), the carnivorous plants will only close after two or more hairs are touched within 20 seconds after the first movement.
1. Drosera: Species from the drosera genus are often called sundews. Attracting unsuspecting insects with this “dew”–which is actually a sticky, digestive enzyme–drosera plants are able to ensnare and even digest their prey. These plants are common in nutrient-deficient places like bogs and sandy beaches. Nearly 200 different species of drosera plants have been identified.
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